Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Way Kambas National Park

Way Kambas National is situated on the coast of Lampung province on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Bounded by the Java Sea to the east, and to the southeast and west by rivers the park is almost entirely flat (elevation between 0-60 metres a.s.l.). As such the park is characteristic of the coastal lowland plains of eastern Sumatra. Approximately 1,300 km2 in extent, the park was originally established as a wildlife reserve in 1937, but between 1954 and 1974 was intensively logged. In 1978 it was proposed as a national park, with provisional declaration in 1989 and final declaration in 1997
Way Kambas National Park is a large national park covering 1,300 square kilometres in Lampung province, southern Sumatra, Indonesia.
Way Kambas consists of swamp forest and lowland rain forest, but was extensively logged before becoming a reserve in 1972 so there is little primary forest. The reserve still has a few Sumatran Tigers and reasonable numbers of elephants. It is also provides excellent birdwatching, with the rare White-winged Duck among the species present. Accommodation is available at the village of Way Kanan, where there is a small guest house.

Another special feature of this national park is the Sumatran Rhino still present in the area. Only 275 remain in South East Asia today. In Way Kambas a managed breeding center or Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) has been build up in 1995. At this moment 5 Sumatran Rhinos live at the Sanctuary, most have been translocated from zoos to the large enclosures (with natural habitat) at the SRS.

Way Kambas is also rich in other herbivores such as
- the barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak),
- rusa deer (Cervus unicolor),
- mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus and Tragulus napu)
- Asian tapir (Tapirus indicus).
- The sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) is common.

At least 286 species of bird, including the rare white-winged wood duck (Cairina scutulata) have been sighted. Remote camera surveys carried out by this project have shown that Way Kambas holds the a complete collection of Asian cats, including:
- the flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps),
- golden cat (Catopuma temmincki),
- leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis),
- fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)
- marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata)
- clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
- besides the Sumatran tiger itself.


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